Cyclopædia or an universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences
ABLUTION PDF Print E-mail
Mix'd mathematics - Chronology
Written by Ephraim Chambers   
Thursday, 01 January 1728 09:00
in Antiquity, a Religious Ceremony, in use among the Romans; being a sort of purifying, perform'd by washing the Body, ere they enter'd on Sacrifice. See SACRIFICE.
Sometimes they wash'd their Hands and Feet, sometimes the Head, and oftentimes the whole Body : For which purpose, at the Entrance into their Temples were plac'd Vessels made of Marble Triumphant (as Du Choul calls it) fill'd with Water.

This Custom, without doubt, they learnt from the Jews, since we read in Scripture, that Solomon plac'd at the Entry into the Temple which he erected to the true God, a great Laver, which the Holy Text calls a Sea of Brass, where the Priests wash'd themselves before they offer'd Sacrifice ; having beforehand sanctify'd rhe Water, by throwing into it the Ashes of the Victim that was slain in Sacrifice.
Read more...
 
ABSTINENCE PDF Print E-mail
Unclassified - Theology
Written by Ephraim Chambers   
Thursday, 01 January 1728 09:00
Abstinencia, the Habit of restraining or containing one's self from some Pleasure, or Enjoyment. See PLEASURE.

The Word is compounded of the Latin abs, from ; and teneo, I hold.

The Jews were oblig'd to abstain from their Wives at certain Seasons.---— The same is enjoin'd in the Apostolical Constitutions, on all fast and meagre Days ; and the Church of England recommends certain Days of Fasting and Abstinence.---— The Great Fast, says St. Augustin, is to abstain from Sin. See FAST.

The antient Athletæ liv'd in a perpetual Abstinence from all kind of sensible Pleasure, to render their Bodies more robust and hardy. See ATHLETA.

Abstinence is particularly used for a spare Diet, or a flender parsimonious use of Food. See FOOD, and DIET.
Read more...
 
ABDICATION PDF Print E-mail
Unclassified - Unclassified
Written by Ephraim Chambers   
Thursday, 01 January 1728 09:00
the Act whereby a Magistrate, or Person in Office renounces and gives up the same, for himself and his Heirs. See RENUNCIATION.

Abdication is frequently confounded with Resignation ; but, strictly speaking, there is a difference : Abdication being done purely and simply ; whereas Resignation is done in favour of some third Person. See RESIGNATION.

In this Sense, Diocletian, and Charles V. are said to have abdicated the Crown; Philip IV. of Spain resign'd it. The Parliament voted King James's Violation of the Laws, and his quitting the Kingdom, without providing for the due Administration of Affairs in his absence, to import an Abdication of the Crown.
Read more...
 
ASTRONOMY PDF Print E-mail
Mix'd mathematics - Astronomy
Written by Ephraim Chambers   
Thursday, 01 January 1728 09:00
Astronomia, the Doctrine of the Heavens, and the Phenomena thereof. See HEAVEN.

Astronomy is properly a mix'd mathematical Science, whereby we become acquainted with the Cadestial Bodies, their Magnitudes, Motions, Distances, Periods, Eclipses, &c. See MATHEMATICKS.

Some understand the Word Astronomy in a more extensive Sense; including under it the Theory of the Universe, and the primary Laws of Nature &c. In which Sense it rather seems a Branch of Phystcks than of Mathematicks. See PHYSICKS, SYSTEM, NATURE, &c.
Read more...
 
ABRACADABRA PDF Print E-mail
Religion - Theology
Written by Ephraim Chambers   
Thursday, 01 January 1728 09:00
an Inscription, antiently used as aCharm or Spell, for the curing of several Diseases, and driving out Devils. See CHARM, PHYLACTERY, &C.
The Author of this piece of Superstition, who is said tohave lived under the Emperor Adrian, form'd the Namefrom that of the Deity he adored, Abrasax, or Abraxas;whom he made God-paramount; having several petty Divinities under him, and particularly seven Angels who presidedover the seven Heavens ; and to whom he attributed 365Virtues or Powers, the Number of Days in the Year, withother idle Reveries.

This ABPAΕAΣ S. Jerom will have to be the same Godwhom the Persians and other Heathens worship'd underthe Name Mitra ; which is warranted by some antientGrave-stones. 'Tis added, that moft of the Fathers ascribethe Fable of the God GREEK, to Basilides and his Followers, a Branch of Gnostics. See BASILIDIANS.
Read more...
 
<< Start < Prev 1 2 3 4 Next > End >>

Page 2 of 4